Functional conceptualization of care in preventing family crises: a systematic review

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student in Counseling, Faculty of Human Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Unit, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatollah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Counseling Department, Faculty of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University (RA), Tehran, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University (RA), Tehran, Iran.


The present study was conducted with the aim of practical conceptualization of "care" in the prevention of family crises. Obviously, a deeper understanding of this concept helps to determine more precisely the territory and boundaries of care behaviors in the family and can be useful as a lever in preventing family crises. This study is a type of secondary studies and a systematic review method. The statistical population is databases and studies that have addressed the issue of care in the period from 2010 to 2023 from many aspects. Data analysis was done qualitatively and finally 52 articles (30 domestic and 22 foreign) that met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. The results showed three groups of main concepts of care, which include the categories of cognitive dimension of care (awareness, acceptance and preparation), emotional dimension (emotional awareness, empathy and intimacy) and behavioral dimension (observance of boundaries, active presence, support, protection from danger and benevolence). The results showed that care, in three cognitive, emotional and behavioral dimensions, has the capacity to prevent family risks and crises. This conceptualization can be adjusted as a care model for the family and deserves deeper studies.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 29 January 2024
  • Receive Date: 17 August 2023
  • Revise Date: 13 December 2023
  • Accept Date: 24 December 2023