Investigating the place of hijab in human rights from the perspective of the theory of universality and relativism

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Candidate of Criminal Law and Criminology and Instructor at Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, Imam Hossein (a.s.) Comprehensive University


An in-depth look at what the Western world has done about disrespecting other religions in recent decades, and in particular the restrictions and barriers it has imposed on Muslim women wearing the hijab, doubles the importance of familiarity with human rights law. There is no doubt that these countries are trying to legitimize these human rights violations by enlightening public opinion through the media. Nowadays, the observance of hijab has been legitimized in some countries through the formulation of laws, and in some countries, the policy of governments to promote the decline of the need to observe the veil in society, and even in some Western countries, the policy of banning hijab and punishing veiled people is observed. They are trying to expand this policy and internationalize it as one of the standards of human rights. A clear example of the implementation of such policies can be seen in France, which, with the passage of the law banning the use of religious symbols, has practically targeted the ban on the use of the Islamic hijab. Hence, the present study seeks to answer the question of whether it is possible


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