The effect of religious orientation and humor on stress mediated by optimism

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Payam-e Noor University

2 Master of Positive Islamic Psychology, Payam-e Noor University

3 Full Professor, Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University


The aim of this study was to determine the causal effect of religious orientation and humor on stress through the mediation of optimism in students. The statistical population of the study consisted of all female high school students in Ahvaz who were studying in the academic year of 1995-96, so that 308 of them were selected by multi-stage random sampling. In order to collect data, Arian Religious Orientation Questionnaire (1998), Riding Humor (2017), Sheyer, Carver and Briggs (1994) Life Orientation Questionnaire, and Lavibund and Lavibund (1995) Stress Questionnaire were used. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and path analysis. The results showed that while correcting some relationships in the proposed model, the path of religious orientation and humor on optimism has a positive causal effect and the same variables do not have a negative causal effect on stress and the path of religious orientation and humor through optimism on stress has an indirect negative effect. ; Optimism also had a direct negative effect on stress. Findings show the effect of religious orientation and humor


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