Indicators of aging mental health in Iranian culture

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student of Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch,

2 Professor of Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences,

3 clinical psychology Department, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: according to daily high growth of elderly population in world and Iran, supportive and comprehensive programs (physical and mental health) for this group, should be modified. In order this, having elderly health national indicators based on Iranian culture is required. by attention to absence of this, this research was done.
Methods: Design of the study was mixed-method, by systematic review and grounded theory in 1397. For systematic review, 51 articles published in 1970-2018, From 897 articles, was analyzed. For apply grounded theory, by explanative interview, 20 successes elders who selected in the sampling form of purposive, interviewed by unstructured method.
Results: Analyze of obtained data’s in open coding, was result to definition of 160 components and indexes, which, after receive ideas of 10 experts and re codification and reforms, was compositioned in 5 principal components: 1- Physical factor (having physical health, health attention and welfare issues); 2-psychological factor (having management and planning in life, resiliency, cognitive function, behavioral health, perfectionism and progressivism; 3-family factor (children, spouse, parents; 4-social factor (social relationship, relationship with relative, social activities, economical status; 5-religious factor (religious activists and religious believe):18 factors and 133 indexes were obtained.
Conclusion: Considered that factors such as: live by family, social relationship and contribution, status of health and physical and mental health, religious believes and healthy life style are among of healthy elderly indicators. This can provide primacy of supportive and caring programs and evaluation and assessment of elderly’s status in Iran.


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